On August 23, the celebrated yet underappreciated physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani will celebrate her 104th birthday with a Google Doodle. She is one of the most well-known people in Indian physics, and it is because of her work that we are now able to accurately anticipate the weather.
Her efforts helped India excel in renewable energy in addition to weather forecasting. Along with renowned physicists CV Raman, VL Ethiraj, and CP Ramaswamy Iyer—interestingly, all three are from Tamil Nadu—she studied at Presidency College in Madras.
Since Anna Mani defied gender conventions and achieved success in an area dominated by males, she is regarded as a national symbol of women's empowerment in the nation. Here is the remarkable biography of Anna Mani.
Anna Mani Life
In the Keralan village of Peerumade on August 23, 1918, Anna Mani was born into a family of Syrian Christians. Anna Mani, an ardent reader, motivated India to work on renewable energy and weather predictions as part of her life's work. She reportedly allegedly turned down a pair of diamond earrings when she was eight years old in favor of a set of Encyclopedia Brittanica books.
She received a research fellowship from the Indian Institute of Science and graduated with degrees in physics and chemistry from the famous Presidency College, Madras (currently Chennai) (IISc). She later changed schools to study physics at Imperial College in London and afterward became interested in meteorological apparatus.
Before relocating to London, she worked as a tutor at Women's Christian College. At IISc, she studied spectroscopy under Nobel winner Sir CV Raman. In 1948, she returned to India to create meteorological equipment.
She lived up to expectations and constructed about 100 meteorological devices for India. She then founded a studio that produced instruments for tracking solar energy and wind speed.
Google Doodle: Career
Anna called the "weather lady of India," was born in Kerala, India, in 1918 to a family of Syrian Christians. She had always wanted to be a dancer, but she chose physics to support the family. He made several significant contributions to physics and meteorology. His work paved the way for India to adopt renewable energy sources and enabled the country to produce precise weather forecasts. Additionally, he worked with professor and physicist CV Raman on a project examining the optical characteristics of diamonds and rubies.
What is it about Anna Mani that makes her a national icon?
Many nationalists took inspiration from Anna Mani's life. She supported civil disobedience, and she exclusively wore Khadi as a symbol of her national identity.
After completing her education there, she had the option of staying and finding employment in London. But she went back because she cherished India. She advanced Indian science by creating a vast number of meteorological devices.
What has made her well-known?
Although she lived an inspirational life throughout, there are a few particular events that contributed to her global recognition. Anna was a scientist who adhered to Gandhian ideals and dressed in Khadi. She was not just a successful scientist but also a patriotic citizen who gave up a comfortable life abroad to serve India.
She was a supporter of renewable energy. She established a network of solar radiation monitoring stations and authored many publications on measuring renewable energy in 1950. Her contributions to measuring weather forecasts have been most played a great role.
When she became the Deputy Director General of the Indian Meteorological Department in 1987, she was awarded the K.R. Ramanathan Medal by the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) for her contributions to the country and science (IMD). On August 16, 2001, she died away in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.